Description: Barnacles, also known as Cirripedia, are small and sticky crustaceans related to crabs, lobsters, and shrimps (NOAA). It remains unclear how fast this process will speed up under global warming. Decomposers are considered as “Cleaners” of the ecosystem as they thrive to decompose the organic wastes of dead plants and animals, both in water and on land. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Consumers and Decomposers Consumers are organisms that obtain food by eating other organisms. Litter decomposers show high phylogroup diversity, which is indicative of high functional versatility within the group, whereas a set of white-rot species shows adaptation to bulk-wood decomposition. Another decomposer found underwater and on land, fungi vary in size from being a small microdecomposer to certain mushrooms that grow bigger than small mammals. They are the last step in the food chain, which recycles nutrients and breaks down wastes and organic matter in the ecosystem. Structural Adaptations. Animla Adaptations. One way in which they have adapted is by increasing their surface area of their gills. Insects, such as leaf cutters, ants and termites, break down organic matter, such as leaves that fall on the forest floor. Tradeoffs in the adaptation of fungal decomposers to global warming Particularly in boreal forests, fungi are key players in the conversion of soil carbon into atmospheric carbon dioxide. Once these insects break down this matter, other decomposers finish digesting the leftover waste. All of these organisms break down or eat dead or decomposing organisms to help carry out the process of decomposition. When underwater, fungi are typically microscopic, though once they begin decomposing a plant or an animal, they grow a thick, visible gelatinous layer around the organic matter. Adaptations: As babies, barnacles float around with the plankton in their environment, making them easy targets for their predators, but they have adapted by developing a tough outer shell which few of their predators can eat (A-Z Animals). Decomposers: Decomposers are organisms which derive their nutrition from dead and decaying organic matter such as dead leaves, animals, or their faeces, etc. Thermal adaptation of decomposer communities in warming soils. Physiological Adaptations Decomposers include certain types of bacteria, worms, slugs, snails and fungi. Lions (sharp claws, teeth, and speed) Cheetah (speed, claws, sharp teeth, and agility) Leporad (speed, agility, and claws) Antelope (speed, agility, hearing, and sight) Yellow Head Vulture (sight, good sense of smell) Zebra (black and white strips [blend in], speed, and hearing) Plant Adaptations These adaptations help the organisms to survive in their natural habitat. 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