I hope that this article on porcupine predators was helpful! Yes, mountain lions, humans, bears, fisher cats, great horned owls all prey upon porcupines. Diet. The fisher is the only habitual predator of the porcupine, and may suppress populations of this rodent. Some unfortunate carnivores have starved to death because a mouthful of quills has prevented them from eating. A porcupine eats tender bark and twigs, along with other types of vegetation. The great horned owl is a well-known predator of the porcupine, presumably due to a combination of intelligence (so knowing how to attack it in the ways it is vulnerable) and dexterity. However, other species of porcupines are found in South America and Africa, and they have many predators. Porcupines have a prickly and very dangerous supply of sharp quills. Quills are released by contact or may drop out when the porcupine shakes its body. As a result of this injury, the lion had difficulty continuing to hunt and couldn’t remove the quill, therefore resorted to attacking humans, which lions wouldn’t normally do. Best Answer. Humans who have embedded quills should consult a physician immediately. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Coyotes have been known to work in pairs to get a porcupine on its back, where it can be incapacitated. It has been speculated that mountain lions contributed to almost wiping out porcupine populations in places like Nevada (where a 1997 study found that, in three years, the total number of porcupines decreased from 80 to 5, all down to mountain lions’ attacks). Rodents like porcupines are usually easy prey to a range of predators. So if you see wood-handled tools or canoe paddles knawed on, it just might be a porcupine. These predators kill a porcupine by biting its unprotected face or by flipping it over to expose the vulnerable underside. (Vaughn, et al., 2000) All porcupines have long claws. They are good hunters and usually seek out rabbits and hares for food, but will also attack chickens and other small birds, deer and rodents. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. The North American porcupine is an herbivore; it eats leaves, herbs, twigs, and green plants such as clover. In fact, Vietnam is famous for having a massively declining porcupine population as a result.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',128,'0','0'])); It is more common to find porcupines’ quills used for decoration in Native American clothing and headdresses.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-box-4','ezslot_4',129,'0','0'])); The fisher, or North American marten, is a fierce predator of the American porcupines. It gives porcupines the feeling that their predators are around, and then they’ll leave your yard. Predators sometimes succumb to quills. Another popular misconception is that porcupines shoot their quills at predators. Porcupines are rodents that are known for their needle-like quills used as a deterrent against predators. This has allowed them to attack porcupines successfully, because as a group they are turning them over and getting access to them without the defense of their quills.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',134,'0','0'])); As wolves are highly intelligent, it is now wonder they have learnt about the porcupines’ weaknesses and are exploiting them in this way.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'factsking_com-leader-2','ezslot_14',135,'0','0'])); Lynxes (from the same family as bobcats) routinely attack European porcupines, flipping them over and successfully preying on them for food. Porcupines have a relatively high longevity and have held the record for being the longest-living rodent, with one individual living to 27 years, until the record was broken in 2002 by a naked mole-rat living to 28 years. Predators have different means of killing and eating porcupines. Coyotes are smaller than their relative the grey wolf, yet can cause quite a lot of damage to domestic households and will prey on chickens and other birds. If you check YouTube, you can probably find a video of a leopard dying of wounds inflicted by a crested porcupine it attacked. Although they are not as attractive to hunt as many other wild animals from which the fur or the meat can be used immediately, porcupines are sought after by people in Southeast Asia, especially Vietnam, for eating. Coyotes have been known to work in pairs to get a porcupine on its back, where it can be incapacitated. Three animals, however, has figured out how to eat porcupines. They also have a special arrangment of their jaw muscles which helps them to chew more efficiently. The predators who attack the porcupines sharing one burrow are great horned owls, leopards, coyotes, bobcats, mountain lions and wolves. the porcupines enemies or predators are the coyote, black marten, cougars, and bobcatsPredators of the porcupine include wolverines, martens, wolves, and fisher cats. Porcupines are smart rodents; when they realize that … Porcupines are covered with quills that painfully stick into almost any predator that tries to attack them. There are many carnivorous predators in the world, including wolves, cougars, owls, and snakes. Let’s have a look at the porcupine’s main predators. Fishers are uniquely adapted to attack porcupines because of their size – they often go for the unprotected face, whilst bigger predators try to attack the full body and struggle with the quills.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-banner-1','ezslot_1',130,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-banner-1','ezslot_2',130,'0','1'])); The bobcat is part of the lynx family in North America, living predominantly in woodland but also in semi-desert as it is a very adaptable animal. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupin… Predators: Many animals occasionally kill porcupines, especially young ones. There are around 24 different species of porcupines across the globe and one thing that’s common among them is their pointed quills. Fishers are a primary predator of porcupines, but quills have been found embedded in coyotes, cougars, bobcats, foxes, lynxes, bears, wolves and even Great Horned Owls. A:Marian Ocecowski; B:Malene Thyssen; C:Daderot; D:NASA; E:Felix Andrews; F:Harmen Piekema; G:Tomasz Gorny; H:Gibe; I:Fb78; J:Yosemite; K:Rileypie; L:Miroslav Duchacek; M:Fir0002; N:Christian R. Linder; O:Luis Miguel Bugalio Sanchez; P:Dick Bauch; Q(Quoll):Sean Mack; R:USFWS; S: Hakan Svensson; T:Ezpete; U(Uakari):Evgenia Kononova; V:Calo Bescos; W:NOAA; X(Xysticus Crab Spider):Olaf Leillinger; Y(Yellow Hornbill):Nick Scott-Smith; Z:Malene Thyssen. Contrary to popular belief, porcupines cannot shoot their quills at someone. If you are interested, visit the Animal Facts Page! Now that is curious. They are not poisonous, but they still pose a danger of infecting the wounded tissue. As do wolves and coyotes. Porcupines are well known for their pointy quills, which cover their backs, sides and tail to provide a natural protection against predators. Porcupines use the quills as a defense. Surprisingly, however, studies show that porcupines can actually kill lions, if not seriously injure them. Porcupines are herbivores and especially like wood. The “Old World” porcupines live mainly in southern Europe, Asia, and Africa. Bobcats, cougars and fishers have learned that a porcupine has no quills on its stomach. This specie have however developed an advanced defense mechanism that makes predators think twice before they consider them for a meal. When porcupine populations close to cultivated areas surge, they can become serious agricultural pests. Top 8 Predators of Porcupines that Eat Porcupines. Let’s have a look at the porcupine’s main predators. Porcupines do not carry any communicable diseases that are of concern to humans, except, as with any mammal, they can contract rabies. There are two different families of porcupines. Herbivorous predators, like krill, horses, and porcupines, consume autotrophs. However, they still have a lot of natural predators who hunt them against all odds. But few animals know this porcupine-eating trick. A researcher posited that the only reason a lion in that situation was attacking a human was its frailty and the porcupine’s quill was the reason for it.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'factsking_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_9',133,'0','0'])); In North America, mountain lions are especially fond of porcupines and attack them frequently for feeding on them. These predators kill a porcupine by biting its unprotected face or by flipping it over to expose the vulnerable underside. Carnivorous predators are broken up into an additional two types: those that primarily scavenge carcasses, and those that primarily hunt and kill prey on their own. All porcupines have a few traits in common. Partly because of their effective self-defense, porcupines are among the longest-living rodents. Their many adaptations make it easier for them to survive, as most predators are nocturnal and colorblind: therefore, the porcupines’ muted coloring helps them even more than their spines. What sets porcupines apart from most rodents is their ability to protect themselves with their large spines, also called quills. When the porcupine does attack, it moves its tail to hit its quills against the predator. These practices have eliminated them from densely settled areas. But even that doesn’t guarantee a victory. They wear a coat of sharp quills all over their body. Most wildlife have some sort of adaptation to protect themselves against predators and rivals. These include the coyote, red fox, black bear, bobcat, mink, marten, long-tailed weasel, ermine, and great horned owl. Wolves are extremely social creatures and often hunt in a pack. If that doesn't work, they may charge backwards into the predator. However, the quills do detach easily when touched, and microscopic barbs make removal difficult, once embedded in flesh. Three animals, however, has figured out how to eat porcupines. So one of these predators will sometimes kill and eat a porcupine by flipping it onto its back and biting into its vulnerable belly. Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. The North American porcupine has a strong odor to warn away predators, which it can increase when agitated. They do not have canine teeth. Stackpole Books. They do not. Moreover, the most … Sources: Elbroch, Mark. Outhouses collect a lot of urine which is loaded with salt. However, with such a spiky physique, they would surely have some difficulty in the bedroom. Porcupines stay with their mothers throughout the summer but, by fall, leave to be on their own. The main safety issue is the possibility of being quilled. Porcupines cannot shoot them at predators as once thought, but the quills do detach easily when touched. All in all, they are very well-suited for life in the wild and have lived a long time thanks to their adaptations. Porcupines are rodents with an interesting way to protect themselves from predators. And, what do porcupines eat? For this reason, porcupines do not have to fear being eaten by very many animals. But think about it. Predators include fishers, coyotes, bobcats, and mountain lions. 2003. As human populations expand, humans and porcupines find themselves in increasingly close quarters. The odor is generated by a patch of skin called the rosette, on the lower back where modified quills serve as osmetrichia to broadcast the smell. eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'factsking_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_6',127,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'factsking_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_7',127,'0','1'])); As with most wildlife, humans are one of the leading predators for the porcupine. Porcupines are covered with quills that painfully stick into almost any predator that tries to attack them. Only old and experienced coyotes are known to do this, as younger ones have been found to injure themselves on the porcupines’ quills.eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'factsking_com-leader-1','ezslot_12',132,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'factsking_com-leader-1','ezslot_13',132,'0','1'])); In the Old World such as Africa, the biggest predators for porcupines are the whole gamut of large wild cats, especially lions, who are clever enough to carefully flip the porcupines over and attack them in this way. It is a large rodent encountered equally in the “Old World” and in North America and northern South America. The best thing to do is to avoid them completely so neither you, your pets or porcupines get hurt. But the fisher is the one that porcupines fear the most as it is more specialized in dealing with them. They make shake them, which makes them rattle, as a warning to potential predators. However, they still have a lot of natural predators who hunt them against all odds. New World porcupines’ predators include martens, wolverines, pythons, eagles, and great-horned owls. One porcupine predator, the fisher, is able to flip the North American porcupine onto its back, exposing its unprotected belly. Plus they have an intense craving for salt. The porcupine is best known for its sharp spikes and fierce look, helping it shield itself from predators. There is hystricidae, or Old World Porcupines, and Erethizontidae, the New World Porcupines. Mechanicsburg, PA. Porcupines have rounded bodies c… Fishers are a primary predator of porcupines, but quills have been found embedded in coyotes, cougars, bobcats, foxes, lynxes, bears, wolves and even Great Horned Owls. They are smoked out of their burrows and hunted with spears, nets, or dogs. The most obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. The “Old World” porcupines live mainly in southern Europe, Asia, and Africa. Contrary to some wildlife folklore, porcupines cannot “shoot” quills, rather their barbed quills penetrate and stick upon contact with any animal or object that it finds threatening. The keratinous quills are modified hairs that grow back when shed and serve the important purpose of protecting these rodents from predators. This allows an animal to draw in its lips while gnawing. Porcupines have needles to protect themselves. Furthermore, they make a clattering sound that deters predators, and when they raise their spines, they look a lot like a skunk, which can also confuse any other animal looking to hunt a porcupine. The porcupine uses its sharp quills to inflict harm to any would-be predators that get within close range. For the most part, predators leave porcupines alone. This article on porcupine predators was helpful such as contact spines is false the in. Is defenceless flipping them on their own advanced defense mechanism that makes predators twice! 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