Auf den afrikanischen Seychellen wird sie zwar nicht so intensiv angebaut wie auf Sri Lanka, doch als Reisender kommt man auch auf den Seychellen zu jeder Zeit  in den Genuß dieser leicht süßlichen und  natürlichen Köstlichkeit. This graceful, solitary palm has coconuts. Gray, in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition), 2013. The coconut palm Cocos nucifera belongs to the palm family, one of the largest in the monocotyledon group. It is the only accepted species in the genus Cocos.The term coconut can refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed or the fruit, which is not a botanical nut. Cocos nucifera is one of the most adaptable products which possess several protein fractions such as albumins, globulins, prolamines, glutelins 1 and 2 which were found and reported. creolisch : —-, Vorkommen Coconut inflorescences are generated at the age of about 2–4 years in the dwarf type or 5–7 years in the tall type. It has pinnate leaves 4–6 m long, the leaflets 60–90 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. This limitation was partially overcome in a follow-up study where a coconut LPAAT exhibiting enhanced preference for lauryl-CoA, was coexpressed in developing B. napus seed with the California bay laurel acyl-ACP thioesterase (Knutzon et al., 1999). Govaerts, R. et al. This includes several economically important plants such as Cocos nucifera (coconut), Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm), Attalea cohune (babacu), Arecanut (Areca catechu) and Bactris gasipaes (peach palm). Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is known as ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ in the ancient Indian literatures, which means ‘tree that provides all the necessities of life’. For this very reason Cocos nucifera flower and others Areca catechu flower find a special significance in rituals and auspicious functions. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. They have smaller kernels but produce more bunches per year, and are more resistant to lethal yellowing disease caused by a phytoplasma as compared to the tall cultivars (Ohler, 1984; de Taffin, 1998). A mature fruit is about 1–2 kg in weight, a significant reduction from 3–4 kg at its maximum weight at around 9 months, 15–20 cm in diameter and 20–30 cm long, with a variation of fruit shapes, from round to elongated but mostly ovoid to oblong and triangular fruit (see Plate III a in the colour section between pages 274 and 275). Coconut fruit in the wild is light, buoyant and highly water resistant. Hybrids between the two groups are also commercially grown with higher yield and better quality nuts than their parents (Ohler, 1984). Swarnam, in Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, 2008. Botanisch ist die Königskokospalme auch eine echte Kokosnusspalme – Cocos nucifera. The plantations are usually located in the lowlands just above beach level. Gattung : Cocos There are only single, or a few, female flowers on a branch close to the base and many smaller male flowers above. Coconuts are grown in 80 countries: in the Asia–Pacific region, the east and west coasts of Africa and Central and South America. The palm produces an average of about 12 leaves annually. Cocos nucifera is a large palm, growing up to 30 m (100 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves 4–6 m (13–20 ft) long, and pinnae 60–90 cm (2–3 ft) long; old leaves break away cleanly, leaving the trunk smooth. The chromosome number is of 2n = 32 (Teulat et al., 2000). Coconuts in various stages of maturity on a tree. McVetty, ... Randall J. Weselake, in, Coconut Biodiversity – Nature’s Gift to the Tropical Islands, Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, J. Siriphanich, ... S. Tongchitpakdee, in, Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango, Case study: application of appropriate technologies to improve the quality and safety of coconut water, Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition (Third Edition). Tock Hing Chua, in World Crop Pests, 1997. J. Siriphanich, ... S. Tongchitpakdee, in Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango, 2011. Flower Color: Yellowish green, Creamy yellow. Auffallend bei dieser Spezies sind die leuchtend gelb bis fast orange gefärbten Kokosnüsse und im Gegensatz zu der uns bekannten Art bleibt die Königskokospalme auch etwas niedriger im Wuchs. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Cocos nucifera. China, the USA, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the European Union were the major coconut importing countries in 2013 ranging from 32,000 to 188,000 tons. The inflorescence develops within a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. Academic Press 1: 74–81 Google Scholar . Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and palm oils enriched in medium-chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid (12:0), are used a feedstocks in the preparation of detergents (Shukla and Blicher-Mathiesen, 1993). Wenn Sie die Website weiter nutzen, gehen wir von Ihrem Einverständnis aus. Reference page. As the fruit matures, the weights of the water and the solid endosperm (kernel) range between 21–449 g and 98–553 g, respectively (de Taffin, 1998). Coconut, Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, (family Palmae) is a pantropical plant whose centre of origin is uncertain. B.S. This plant is more commonly known as the coconut palm and provides one of the most widely used cooking ingredients in the world. There are three eyes (see Plate III d), one on each carpel at the stem end. The native origin of the palm is uncertain, as the nuts were easily dispersed between both islands and continents by ocean currents and by early explorers. Coconut ‘milk,’ which is found in the unripe nut and is drunk or used in cooking, is the liquid form of the endosperm, which solidifies as the fruit ripens. They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas. The major insect pests include the rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros (Linnaeus)), the palm weevils (Rhynchophorus spp. Given proper care and growing conditions, coconut palms produce their first fruit in six to ten years, taking 15 to 20 years to reach peak production. 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