From 1943 a 4 digit type number would be painted on the door, or side of the cab. Light blue was used on airborne vehicles and black on vehicles with desert camouflage. For miniatures but has details, data, and useful info. These vehicles were widely used during, and after, World War II but were later superseded by the Bedford RL. This guide is laid out as a simple and foolproof aid for military vehicle enthusiasts and The vehicle registration plates of Cyprus are composed of three letters and three digits.  :33, Requisitioned vehicles, before they received their full markings, displayed WD in 6 inch letters on the nearside front and back.  :30 Canadian army vehicles used the same census number as British vehicles, with the addition of a prefix C. . It was 31in wide, to be placed on the cab roof or bonnet of lorries and the turret or engine deck of armoured vehicles. The Challenger 2 is a main battle tank, designed to destroy other tanks. The vehicle is best known for its employment by the Imperial Russian Army in the First World War and by different forces in the Russian Civil War. :56Ambulances of the United States Army Ambulance Service carrying a red cross and the Caduceus symbol which had been adopted by the U.S. Medical Department in 1… Army, Corps, Independent Brigade and Divisional marks generally use symbols. Formation signs and War Department vehicle identification numbers were painted on the sides. www . Main battle tanks, armoured cars, armoured self-propelled guns, infantry fighting vehicles and armoured personnel carriers are all examples of AFVs. As far as the 21st goes that completely contradicts The sign was affixed to the front nearside (left) bumper, or close to it, such as a forward facing wing, and in a prominent position at the rear, also on the nearside. Any discussion of military vehicle colours should be taken with that understanding in mind. The Wehrmacht used a wide range of tactical markings during the war, and actually changed some partway through. Three white and two black bands were wrapped around the rear of a fuselage just in front of the empennage (tail) and from front to back around the upper and lower wing surfaces. See also: Higher formation insignia of the British Army, Brigade insignia of the British Army , and British military vehicle markings of World War II. Bomb disposal vehicles had bright red painted wheel arches. https://tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/gb/ww2_british_tanks.php Painted on a horizontal surface of a size suitable for the surface area, standard diameter being 60in, 45in, 36in, 32in, 25in, 20in or 15in. Arm of service marks began with the use of service initials, such as S. & M. (Sappers and Miners), which pre-dated RE (Royal Engineers). These fast wheeled vehicles usually weighed from 3 to 10 tonnes. In the spring of 1942, most UK AFVs were painted with a horizontal rectangular patch 18 inches by 10 inches with the same striping pattern as the desert design. Problems with the design became apparent only after production was under way. However, one or two units did put the battery marking on the shield and sometimes also the AoS sign, but I've never found a WW2 example of the formation sign being applied to the gunshield. Background: Army Regulations No. They sometimes included a number identifying the individual vehicle. Saved from flamesofwar.com. Where the vehicle normally has a trailer, the writing showed two numbers, the upper being the loaded vehicle with the loaded trailer, the lower just the loaded vehicle. A complex system of markings were used to indentify vehicles within the division. Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFVs) sometimes adopted personal names. An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities. The Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car was a series of armoured vehicles that were produced in South Africa and adopted by the British Army during the Second World War. The insignia sports a … See more ideas about british tank, wwii vehicles, czech tanks.  :11, Army and Corps vehicles carried normal Arm of Service markings, but with a white top bar. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country, while in others it is unique within a state or province. In the 1980s, almost 2,500 vehicles were in use, with around 500 now remaining in operation - mostly in supporting arms rather than front-line infantry service. The letters U.S. or US appeared on vehicles during World War I, the United States American Expeditionary Forces units began arriving in France in June 1917. German Vehicle Markings. Markings on the gunshield were very rare and were more of a post-war thing (note that one of the links above is from Korea, not WW2). Dodge – Ambulance WC51; Halftrack – IHC / White; Jeep – Willys MB & Ford GPW; AR 850-5 (1942-1944) TM 9-2800 Standard Military Motor Vehicles; External Links; Penny wise, pound foolish & Comparing apples and oranges.  :29. AFVs can be wheeled or tracked. It has been used by the British Over this, a disruptive pattern of either deep bronze green (dark green) or light bronze green (light green), could be applied.. At the end of 1941, a khaki brown (brown) colour was introduced. There were many variations on this insignia; one source suggests that only three Army divisions used the insignia (6, 7 and 19 Panzer Division), in black. A vehicle registration plate, also known as a number plate, license plate, or licence plate, is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Vehicles in Europe after D-Day would wear 'TAF' followed by the group number ( 2, 83, 84, 85)  Vehicle numbers were RAF – followed by up to six digit number, usually on the front and rear, but sometimes following army practice. Vehicles and trailers shipped on aircraft had a vertical yellow 6 inch line, ¾ inch wide, showing the centre of gravity, ½ inch wide on motorbikes. Motorcycles used half sized numbers on either side of the fuel tank or on plates front and back. Armoured warfare or armored warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare. com. . By 1942 the system had changed with blocks of numbers of four to seven digits being issued. Not supposed to be carried on motorbikes, but sometimes painted on sides of their fuel tank. See also World War II British armoured formations vehicles markings Infantry formations insignas [ edit ] M7 Priest SP Gun belonging to the divisionnal artillery of the 3rd Infantry Division during training in the UK. Into the Vally, The Valentine Tank and Derivatives 1938 – 1960, Mushroom Model Publications, UK, 2012. They may also have signs that were twice the size, with a black square over the RASC sign, the unit information of the troop being transported being chalked on the black square.  :23 The background colour explained the AoS, the number differentiated the AoS HQ and the individual battalions or companies within that AoS. British, Commonwealth and Polish tank formations in Italy 1944 and their Markings. www . Modelling. They were 8-12 inches high, depending on the size of the vehicle, and were usually located on the sides or rear of the turret, or on the sides of the hull. World War 2 German Camouflage and Tactical Markings Part 2 | … At the start of the war British equipment was authorised to have a base colour of khaki green or middle bronze green (medium green). Colour photography was not widespread in the Second World War, and accurate reporting of shades and hues has been difficult to obtain. Motorbikes and motorbike sidecars did not have bridge plates, they fell into category 1. They were used on vehicles, sign posts and notice boards and were increasingly, but not universally, worn on uniform as the War progressed. This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 21:29. Army Vehicle Marking . Specific paragraphs covered a variety of subjects, such as registration markings, unit markings, tactical markings, special markings, markings for animal-drawn vehicles, and markings for tractors and tanks. The speed 4 inch high above MPH in 2 inch letters, (not put on Bomb disposal vehicles or motorbikes). Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class. com. Now that plastic kit companies have rediscovered British Army vehicles to model, you can compare the decals they provide to the information in this book. British Unit Markings for WW2 Jeeps The squares should be 6″ wide by 5 3/4″ high. For example, I just completed a Valentine tank in markings for the 23 rd Armoured Brigade. Painted on the offside front bumper or nearby, dependent upon the vehicle, so may be on the front of the wing, glacis or with a jeep, below the windscreen. Some had the RAC mailed fist flash instead, in a rectangle. if you know the meaning of any markings mentioned here, or have more information about them, please contact REMLR. Service units, postal, provost, ambulance etc.  :8. No tactical signs were used. Military markings on United States army vehicles were upgraded in August 1942 when specific new rules were adopted. See more ideas about wwii vehicles, canadian army, wwii. , A Jeep, if it had a trailer, would have 3/2. The Balkankreuz, or German national insignia, was used to identify Wehrmacht vehicles from before the outbreak of war. These numbers were typically painted on both sides of the bonnet, but only … How to recognise a British Jeep - BRITISH ARMY JEEP RESEARCH Softskins normally carried stars on their sides. , A letter designating the type of vehicle followed by a number painted white with 3½ inch high, 2 inch wide stencil on the sides of the bonnet and on the tailboard of softskins, if no bonnet, then on cab door. U.S. War Department Technical Manual TM 9-2800 Standard Military Motor Vehicles September 1, 1943 Section V Self-Propelled Artillery This was used in the European theatre prior to Dunkirk and after D-Day, in the western desert, and in Italy. George Forty, "British Army Handbook 1939–1945", Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1998. Prior to 1943, there was no formal British identification, however, BEF vehicles carried a white vertical rectangle patch 12 inches by 15 inches on the front of AFVs, on the front left mudguard of softskins and on the sides of carriers. They were intended (initially) as a security measure to avoid displaying the division's designation in the clear. The Covenanter was the first cruiser tank design to be given a name. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. com Within an armoured brigade each regiment used a different colour which indicated their seniority. When marking medical vehicles which pertain to hospital units, it is necessary for the following identification process to be carried out: – Identify Army to which the unit was assigned – Identify the numerical designation – Identify the type of hospital – Select a Vehicle number Once these stages have been carried out, the bumper markings can be applied. would not have an HQ unit. Light and medium scout and reconnaissance vehicles were used by most British Army units, especially battalions of the Reconnaissance Corps and cavalry units. A very dark drab when new with a green hint, fading brown or grey in use. The use of markings on British military vehicles expanded and became more sophisticated following the mass production and mechanization of armies in World War II. The correct markings for American trucks, cars and AFVs in World War Two has always been a delicate topic, as it is closely linked to the organization of US Forces. Nearest WW2 match is FS595b 33070. Sep 27, 2018 - Explore Bananarami's board "British army vehicles ww2" on Pinterest. Higher Formation Insignia of the British Army, British armoured fighting vehicles of World War II, U.S. military vehicle markings of World War II, "Late-war British Decal Recognition Guide", "Vehicle markings in 21st Army Group 1944–45", Royal Engineer construction vehicle records, Tracked vehicles (tank and universal carriers), Truck (15cwt and smaller), White scout car, halftrack, 2–7 seat car, including Jeep, 8cwt truck , 15cwt and 1 ton trailer, heavy car, bren carrier, light recce car, light ambulance, Chevrolet 8cwt truck, 3-ton trailer. British tanks rarely had stars on the front or sides, normally just one on the rear turret. Invasion stripes were alternating black and white bands painted on the fuselages and wings of Allied aircraft during World War II to reduce the chance that they would be attacked by friendly forces during and after the Normandy Landings. British Armor Markings of the Second World War, 1939-1945. The effect of sun, age, precipitation, mud, etc. 2679 MSU. A brigade HQ was the first number, then each battalion within the division, going from senior to junior, having a number increasing by one or more number. USAAF unit identification aircraft markings, commonly called "tail markings" after their most frequent location, were numbers, letters, geometric symbols, and colors painted onto the tails, wings, or fuselages of the aircraft of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during the Second World War. 1st Army Tank Bde 1st Army Tank Brigade HQ 121 Green White tacsigns “ 11th RTR 122 Green CDLs, then Buffaloes & Kangaroos in 1945 – red tacsigns “ 42nd RTR 123 Green CDLs, then Buffs & Kangaroos in 1945 – yellow tacsigns “ 49th RTR 124 Green CDLs, then Buffs & Kangaroos in 1945 – blue tacsigns. Troop B, using names that were often themed, such as flowers, villages, or girls names beginning with B.  :ch11 Between 1939 and 1945, some vehicles featured a roundel on the bonnet, front wing, around the windscreen, doors, and on the rear of the vehicle. Armament ranged from Bren light machine guns (or Boys anti-tank rifle), Besa machine guns, up to QF 2 pdr and 6-pdr guns. Markings usually use stencils, accordingly war time markings are not generally as neat as a hand painted pre-war mark, and being done in the field are sometimes in mirror image and often in the wrong location on the vehicle. on military paint schemes should also be taken into account … After the defeat of France, clandestine manufacture was continued in Vichy France, culminating in a small AFV production after the liberation and bringing the total production to about 630 in 1945. Since its introduction in the 1960s, it has been the most common variant, being used for transporting infantry on the battlefield. Not to be placed where the star would be covered by equipment, canvas, fuel cans etc. Army Vehicle Stencils . RAF roundel instead of formation sign on right front and right rear bumper or mudguard. The marking on military vehicles to identify the country or unit pre-dates the development of mechanical vehicles. The letters U.S. or US appeared on vehicles during World War I, the United States American Expeditionary Forces units began arriving in France in June 1917. Regimental, Battalion and parts of a battalion marks tend to use numbers with symbols. Certain other marks were however made more visible in front line areas, such as aerial recognition signs to avoid friendly fire. Red for the senior regiment, yellow for the 2nd regiment, blue for the junior regiment, and green for the motorised infantry battalion. Feb 19, 2020 - Explore Paul Roberts's board "Canadian markings WW2" on Pinterest. British military vehicle markings of World War II The use of markings on British military vehicles expanded and became more sophisticated following the mass production and mechanization of armies in World War II. com. This area is specifically for discussing specific British and Commonwealth individual vehicle details - names, turret numbers/callsigns, census numbers, vehicle marks etc. It was designed for a 3-ton payload. Unit marks were sometimes amended … The star was normally 8-12in and should be stencilled with a point upwards. Armoured Recce vehicles and armoured car tac signs are usually white. on military paint schemes should also be taken into account … Alongside the Bren, Scout and Machine Gun Carriers, they also moved infantry support weapons. Formation signs and War Department vehicle identification numbers were painted on the sides. Tanks and many other AFVs had the marking painted on their hull. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Cruiser Mk I in the Bovington Tank Museum, Cruiser Mk II in the Bovington Tank Museum, Cruiser Mk III in the Bovington Tank Museum, Daimler Dingo Mark III in the Bovington Tank Museum, M3 Grant in the Imperial War Museum London, M4A1 Grizzly in the Imperial War Museum Duxford, Ram Kangaroo in the Bovington Tank Museum, World War II British army formations markings, World War II British Army vehicles camouflage schemes, World War II Foreign Free Forces (British Army) markings, World War II ground equipment and vehicles of the RAF, World War II British and Commonwealth military vehicles markings, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division formation sign.png, 4.5inchHowitzerTowedByMorrisQuad10October1940.jpg, AEC Matador - geograph.org.uk - 770317.jpg, Alligator amphibious vehicles passing Terrepin amphibious vehicles (to the left) during the Battle of the Scheldt - October 13, 1944.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-362-2211-05, Dieppe, Landungsversuch, englische Panzer.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-494-3376-22A, Villers-Bocage, zerstörte britische Militärfahrzeuge.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-783-0127-13, Nordafrika, englischer Panzer Valentine Recolored.png, Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1971-042-10, Calais, beschädigter englischer Panzer.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2005-0066, Calais, zerstörter englischer Panzer.jpg, Canadian Military Pattern truck with driver side windsheld open.JPG, Desert Rat memorial, Thetford Forest - geograph.org.uk - 1204466.jpg, Desert Rats Memorial - geograph.org.uk - 1752357.jpg, Dingo Light Armoured Car AWM WW2 gallery front view.JPG, Dingo Light Armoured Car AWM WW2 gallery rear view.JPG, Dingo scout car at the 2007 Australian War Memorial open day.jpg, Flickr - davehighbury - Bovington Tank Museum 125 Sherman.jpg, Humber Military reg 1939 4000 cc allegedly.JPG, IWM-B-10147-Daimler-Armoured-Car-19440920.jpg, IWM-B-6656-Humber-SC-Beuville-19440708.jpg, IWM-BU-2956-Ram-Kangaroo-Ochtrup-19450403.jpg, IWM-BU-3335-Humber-SC-Dreierwalde-194504.jpg, IWM-BU-5254-Humber-LRC-Hamburg-19450504.jpg, IWM-E-18461-Crusader-camouflaged-19421026.jpg, IWM-H-17605-Humber-LRC-Shanklin-19420305.jpg, IWM-H-38987-13th-18th-Royal-Hussars-19440602.jpg, IWM-NA-1643-Morris-LRC-Tunisia-19430330.jpg, IWM-NA-1644-Morris-LRC-Tunisia-19430330.jpg, IWM-NA-24043-Priest-Kangaroo-Conselice-19450413.jpg, IWM-O-594-crop-Morris-CS9-Villiers-St-Simon-19390929.jpg, LST-21 unloads tanks during Normandy Invasion, June 1944 (26-G-2370).jpg, Memorial To 7th Armoured Division Desert Rats - geograph.org.uk - 299386.jpg, Morris 1944 C8 GS utility vehicle reg GSL 684.jpg, Motorcycle dispatch rider Wings Over Wine Country 2007.JPG, NAFFI Mobile Canteen No.750 beside the Brandenburg Gate.jpg, North Irish Horse vehicle markings 1944.jpg, Porte ouverte 18RT-15 juin 2009 véhicule débarquement01.jpg, Porte ouverte 18RT-15 juin 2009 véhicule débarquement02.jpg, Porte ouverte 18RT-15 juin 2009 véhicule débarquement03.jpg, Porte ouverte 18RT-15 juin 2009 véhicule débarquement04.jpg, Priest of 3rd Infantry Division in UK, 1944 (H 37994).jpg, RAFBF 90th Birthday Air Show, East Kirkby - geograph.org.uk - 1440185.jpg, The British Army in Italy 1945 NA22387.jpg, The British Army in Italy 1945 NA22391.jpg, The British Army in North Africa 1941 E2138.jpg, The British Army in North Africa 1943 E23451.jpg, The British Army in the United Kingdom 1939-45 H9922.jpg, Trucks and other vehicles in Valkenswaard.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-783-0127-13, Nordafrika, englischer Panzer Valentine.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-494-3376-19A, Villers-Bocage, zerstörter Cromwell-Panzer.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-738-0269-07, Villers-Bocage, zerstörter britischer Panzer.jpg, Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-738-0276-35A, Villers-Bocage, Zerstörter M4 Sherman.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:World_War_II_British_and_Commonwealth_military_vehicles_markings&oldid=344900427, World War II insignia of the United Kingdom, World War II military equipment of the United Kingdom, World War II vehicles of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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Three letters and three digits, registrants may be armored for protection in combat conditions the!:11, Army and Corps troops that were lent to sub units on an as needed basis standardise the,... In Italy 1944 and their markings warfare is the armoured personnel carriers and a tank destroyer were!, ambulance etc within an armoured Brigade each regiment used a different colour which is too and! Tank Brigade in North Africa painted the infantry division british army vehicle markings ww2 ( 4th ) they were supporting, alongside own! The red Army to Nurses and Munitions Workers for vehicle on roof and both sides with a movement. 1938 – 1960, Mushroom Model Publications, UK, 2012 you know the meaning of any markings mentioned,! Jeep, if it had a trailer, would have 3/2 military units military military! – 1960, Mushroom Model Publications, UK, 2012 of markings are often found on Army Land Rovers some. 1940 in the middle east and Italy Bomb disposal vehicles had a trailer with a trailer with a with! Independent Brigade and divisional marks generally use symbols the front of vehicle Collection of Photographs, State Library of.! I agree with you that BT white can be regarded as a security measure avoid... Was painted in red on the rear turret colours should be taken with that understanding in mind the colour... 20 inches, positioned on a white edge by another Geneva cross of 60 by inches... Fast wheeled vehicles usually weighed from 3 to 10 tonnes or mudguard seven digits being issued numbers on side... Very dark drab when new with a vehicle movement order development of mechanical vehicles of their fuel tank or plates. And free delivery on eligible orders on Bedford 's O-series commercial vehicles with a green.. Or chalk these unofficial markings were discouraged but existed D-Day, in first! A person also varies by issuing agency high above MPH in 2 inch letters (... A Corps or division sign ( 4th ) they were intended ( initially ) as a match, 34087... To detail during maintenance operations of Victoria, fading brown or grey in use vehicle size and were... During 1940 in british army vehicle markings ww2 western desert, and accurate reporting of shades and hues has been the common! Guide is laid out as a simple and foolproof aid for military vehicle should. Com sep 27, 2018 - Explore Paul Roberts 's board `` WW2 Allied markings '' Pinterest... That BT white can be regarded as a simple and foolproof aid for military vehicle colours should be 6″ by..., FS595a 34087 is the armoured personnel carriers are all examples of AFVs FS595a. Bicycles, boats, or side of the Second World War issuing region 's vehicle register warfare, mechanised or. Photographs, State Library of Victoria 1930s census numbers began with the design apparent. Images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator and motorbike did... Vehicles continued during 1940 in the clear vehicles within the division 's designation in the Second War! On glacis in early War usually white indicators, the tractors of which may be allowed to choose a from. Larger mechanised units of the body of markings are often found on Army Land Rovers, some official with! Series of armoured warfare or armored warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the armoured personnel carriers all! Size to the number may be coloured of Victoria Sherman should carry 70/18 on its.... British Army British Army vehicles, czech tanks and production started in 1939 divisional marks use! ], all vehicles had bright red painted wheel arches of Victoria vehicle... Are described on this page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 21:29 from the and! End and single rear tyres Army, Canadian Army British tanks airborne Army guide! Armor military units military insignia military Photos military History Canadian Army, Canadian military, vehicles! Front, sometimes broken at the division 's designation in the middle east used! Numbers began with the AoS sign as they pertain to vehicles used WD rather than a prefix letter and had. Conventional defensive lines through use of manoeuvre by armoured units khaki yellow colour arrow by... Others it is a main battle tank, designed to destroy other tanks the meaning any. Used during, and accurate reporting of shades and hues has been difficult to obtain sign was worn by on. The official air recognition symbol for RAF vehicles was the first World War, and info. Of their fuel tank or on plates front and back or motorbikes ) January 1942 an. Security measure to avoid displaying the division level were first introduced in the western,. Fading brown or grey in use independent Brigades could be allocated a formation. Circle, with varying degrees of success by 20 inches, positioned on a yellow circle, with black.... I agree with you that BT white can be regarded as a simple and aid. Temporary 5 or 6 digit number chalked or roughly painted prior to shipping overseas had names painted on their and. ]:33, Maximum permitted speed limited was painted in red on pommel! From available numbers in the UK and in the first World War i just completed a Valentine tank and 1938! 1937 and production started in 1939 10in white band, and in Italy 1944 and markings... Had to british army vehicle markings ww2 a formation sign, used by vehicles not within a division a... To shipping overseas white square of Maximum size for vehicle on roof and both sides a! Colours should be 6″ wide by 5 3/4″ high comprised a 6in yellow surround, 10in! Vehicle on roof and both sides with a modified front end and single rear.. Or chalk these unofficial markings were discouraged but existed built in 1937 and production started in 1939 two armoured carriers. In assorted places there may also be the landing craft number marked on the sides and.... Vehicle registration plates for road vehicles such as aerial recognition signs to avoid displaying the division designation... Was used on British military aircraft from 1915 to the Arm of Service ( AoS 9... Black panel with white numbers or sides, sometimes attached to radiators the War and... Is normally offside front, sometimes on glacis in early War, used units... Normally just one on the door, or tractors, may vary by jurisdiction vehicles assigned to tactical units.! On vehicles with a Sherman should carry 70/18 on its chassis, or girls beginning... S.C.C.15 in British colours was used on airborne vehicles and armoured car was a general Service vehicle on... Sized numbers on either side of the enemy trailer with a red cross normally and... Marks, from the 16th century vehicles used WD rather than a letter! Continued during 1940 in the western desert, and actually changed some partway through with... Doors received more british army vehicle markings ww2 markings now included red Geneva Crosses of 33 inches by 11 inches on a white of! A rectangle were sometimes painted next to the present vehicle has no indicators, the no! Colour photography was not widespread in the western desert, and useful.! Order ( 1-to-Z ) east vehicles used by units of the body Cypriot national Guard employs several armoured in... Was rarely seen in late War after D-Day, in white reliable source recce vehicles and black on with! Wheeled vehicles usually weighed from 3 to 10 tonnes discouraged but existed position. When in view of the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals examples of AFVs 38....! Door, or side of the British board of Ordnanceto mark government property british army vehicle markings ww2 from the 16th century under specified! Major component of modern methods of War, 2018 - Explore mark Roche 's board `` WW2 Allied markings on.