The Desiderative part holds all your wishes so things like food you like (basically your pleasures). Is vice necessary for a wealthy, and happy society? Rosalind Hursthouse). - He argues that moral theories have lost sight of the idea that morality works towards people fulfilling their "telos". Virtue ethics Character-based ethics. 1. if virtue ethics is the correct account of morality, then Sophie's election of one of her children to be murdered is morally right and morally praiseworthy 2. - Avoids using a formula of what we need to do and focuses on the person we ought to be. Subordinate aims= what we have to achieve first (before we achieve superior aims). “Virtue ethics” describes a certain philosophical approach to questions about morality. -Argued that every action is directed towards an aim: a final cause or purpose. The first person to put forward the idea of looking inwardly in such a way was Aristotle. Select one: a. In terms of working out a virtue, Aristotle highlighted the importance of finding a 'golden mean' in qualities of character( for Aristotle living a good life meant following the doctrine of the mean-the middle path between extremes). It developed from dissatisfaction with the notions of duty and obligation and their central roles in understanding morality. With in the rational part you have the 'scientific' part and the 'calculative' part. Social consensus c. Social pressure d. Social dilemmas e. none of the above [sq3] b. He argued that the superior aim of human life is to achieve something called 'eudaemania', which means the great end of happiness - the ultimate happiness we all aim for. Virtue ethics is still taught and used within parts of the medical profession and the military as a means of making moral decisions. Aristotle distinguished between three types of happy people: His basic complaint was that modern ethics put too much emphasis on reason and not enough stress on people, their characters and the contexts of their lives.For MacIntyre, the problems with ethics began during the Enlightenment, a period of time during the 17th and 18th Centuries when Science became more important for discovering truthMacIntyre argued that living a virtuous life depended upon getting into the habit of being moral and of striving towards being virtuous. It persisted as the dominant approach in Western moralphilosophy until at least the Enlightenment, suffered a momentaryeclipse during the nineteenth century, but re-emerged inAnglo-American philosophy in the late 1950s. From working situations in a factory to distribution necessities to price controls, there are every kind of laws and rules that may regulate how an organization makes and sells its merchandise. In ethics of virtue, happiness is always the outcome of a situation. Characteristically, virtue ethics makes a claim about the central role of virtue and character in its understanding of moral life and uses it to answer the questions \"How should … Virtue ethics stresses the character of the individual, rather than the consequences or ethical rules that are emphasized by consequentialism and deontology. - Address characteristics forming a good person. - By using the doctrine of the mean, we can cultivate good virtues. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human flourishing, not with the enumeration of duties. Virtue Ethics (or Virtue Theory) is an approach to Ethics that emphasizes an individual's character as the key element of ethical thinking, rather than rules about the acts themselves or their consequences (Consequentialism).. Aristotle fathered virtue ethics, which has wide spread adoption, historically. Aristotle believes in order to be virtuous you must act on all your sections of your soul. - Emphasizes the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy. It may help make the moral agent virtuous but it does not give any answers in an ethical crisis. Virtues do the same for the human character: they continually straighten us out so that eventually we can, through habit, become virtuous. b. c. The consequences of an action sometimes have priority over one's intentions.